Why We Support A Ban of Facial Recognitionposted in culture
Today we would like to draw your attention to a topic that concerns us all: the downsides of facial recognition and remote biometric recognition. We have a clear opinion on the opportunities and risks of such technologies. In fact, we support a global ban on facial recognition and remote biometric recognition.
We Have a Responsibility
As acteurs in the field of machine learning and computer vision, we have a responsibility to consider the potential consequences of techniques and algorithms that may arise from their use.
We take this responsibility seriously, meaning that we don't develop or distribute software that may lead to the violation of human rights, international conventions or discrimination against people.
What We Stand For
Therefore, we have committed ourselves to the following guidelines:
- We are strongly opposed to facial recognition-based surveillance in public spaces.
- We do not apply algorithms that extract biometric characteristics from individuals that can be used to uniquely identify them.
Surveillance of public places through facial recognition poses a danger for free societies. The potential benefits of those techniques do not outweigh their negative impacts. That's why we have signed an open letter calling for a global ban on biometric recognition technologies that enable mass and discriminatory surveillance:
"These tools have the capacity to identify, follow, single out, and track people everywhere they go, undermining our human rights and civil liberties - including the rights to privacy and data protection, the right to freedom of expression, the right to free assembly and association (leading to the criminalization of protest and causing a chilling effect), and the rights to equality and non-discrimination."Source: Access Now Open Letter
The letter was drafted by a global network of civil rights organizations like Access Now, Amnesty International, European Digital Rights (EDRi), Human Rights Watch, Internet Freedom Foundation (IFF),and Instituto Brasileiro de Defesa doConsumidor (IDEC).
The State of Things Today
Fortunately, the risks of facial recognition seem to be gaining more and more awareness. Public and private sectors oppose on the spread of facial recognition technology, like for example Amazon which extended its ban on police use of its facial recognition technology. Some states and cities in the US banned the use of facial recognition by government and law enforcement.
In Europe, the European Data Protection Board & European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPB & EDPS) call for ban on the use of AI for automated recognition of human features in publicly accessible spaces:
"Taking into account the extremely high risks posed by remote biometric identification of individuals in publicly accessible spaces, the EDPB and the EDPS call for a general ban on any use of AI for automated recognition of human features in publicly accessible spaces, such as recognition of faces, gait, fingerprints, DNA, voice, keystrokes and other biometric or behavioural signals, in any context. Similarly, the EDPB and EDPS recommend a ban on AI systems using biometrics to categorize individuals into clusters based on ethnicity, gender, political or sexual orientation, or other grounds on which discrimination is prohibited under Article 21 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights."Source: European Data Protection Board
In any case, AI technologies that can be used to recognize humans will soon be subject to specific regulatory requirements. In April 2021, the European Comission has published a proposal for a regulatory framework on AI. This is a big step towards the first-ever legal framework on AI.
In this proposal, remote biometric recognition systems are considered high-risk use cases that should be subject to strict requirements or strictly prohibited, such as live use of remote biometric recognition systems in publicly accessible spaces for law enforcement purposes. Although the proposal does not prohibit the analysis of recorded video feeds, it is still an important first step.
Many organizations and individuals from across the globe already signed on to the letter calling for a ban of biometric surveillance. Join us and sign or spread the word.